English for lawyers - Episode 3 كلمة legal ومشتقاتها

1. Tip of the video نصيحة الحلقة

- Tip of the previous video was to improve your pronunciation and not your accent: this doesn't sound natural.

- Tip of this video is to study effectively using mind maps: connect similar words; learn related vocabulary; related uses; and related pronunciation.

2. Word of the video موضوع الحلقة

The topic of this video is the word legal. the possible meanings of the word legal are:

  • Permitted by law: lawful - Is abortion legal in your country?

  • Deriving authority from law: i.e. legal appointment or legal establishment.

  • Recognized by law; rather than anything other than law such as morals or equity.

  • Connected with the administration of law i.e. the legal profession.

  • Connected with lawyers: a legal mind, legal thinking.

3. Synonyms المرادفات

  • Allowable استخدام عام ويجب ان يحدد بكلام أو بسياق قانوني

  • Permissible استخدام عام ويجب ان يحدد بكلام أو بسياق قانوني

  • Statutory في سياق القانون

  • Contractual في سياق العقود

4. antonym الكلمة المضادة

  • Illegal

Extensions كلمات منبثقة من الكلمة

  • Legalize (legalization /legalized)(something that was previously illegal) permissible by law. Example: A legalization plan is needed for temporary workers who have become permanent residents. I'm against legalizing drugs.

  • Legality: The fact that something is allowed by the law

  • Legalities: the things that are demanded by law. Example, I'm not sure about the legalities, but I suggest we go ahead with the plan and see what happens.

5. Collocations: تراصفات (كلمات بتيجي مع بعض)

  • Legal: This can [be, become] legal. This is [completely, perfectly] legal. That can't be legal!

  • Legal representative: She [is, need] a legal [representative, advisor]

  • Legal department: I am [at] the legal department.

  • Legal I find the legal [process, definition, framework, system] proper

  • Legal basis: [something is, something establishes] a legal basis for

  • Legal case: have a legal case [against]

  • legal responsibility: has the legal responsibility [to]

  • Legal: is [of] legal age (to) do. someone is [under, above, of] the legal age for [driving, sexual consent, marriage]

  • Legal services or alike: [provide, obtain, seek] legal [services, advice, information, documents]

  • Legal action: [take, undertake, start] legal action (against)

  • Legal proceedings: Start legal proceedings (against)

  • Legal requirements: [comply with, fulfill, meet] the legal requirements (of)

  • Legal notice: Was [served, given, issued] a legal notice

  • Legal fees: [pay, charge for] legal fees

  • Legal implications: The legal [ramifications, implications] of

  • Legal sector: [jobs, positions, experts] in the legal sector/the legal profession

  • Legal terms: A [book, glossary, dictionary] of legal terms

  • The [attempt, act, contract, payment] was not legal


6. Practice: استخدامات في سياق ممارسة القانون

  • - Legal representative

  • - The legal profession

  • - Legal department:

  • - Legal memorandum

  • - Legal person (legal as a noun)

  • - Legal notice

  • - Legal aid: free legal service to persons unable to pay for a lawyer.

  • - Legal process:

  • - Legal proceedings

  • - Legal fees

  • - Legal advice

  • - Paralegal

  • - Legal actions

  • - Legal dispute

7. Study: words that contain the word legal and are connected with the study of law

  • - Legal systems - Legal terminology

  • - Legal Research à legal framework, legal definition system legal ramifications

  • - Legal Question / Legal Problem/issues

  • - Legal opinion

  • - Legal clinic

  • - Legal English

  • - Terminologies: legal responsibility – legal age


  • Legal age: can already vote, drive, buy cigarettes, drink alcohol, or gamble. fully responsible for their actions. They become liable to the law. Example: These kids cannot buy alcohol. They are obviously under the legal age.


Some uses

  • - You have a legal obligation to ensure your child receives a proper education.

  • - It's an organization that offers free legal advice to people on low incomes.

  • - She won the court case, but she had to pay an enormous amount in legal fees.

  • - Channel 4 is running a series on the unfairness of the legal system.

  • - Unless the money is returned, we shall shortly be contacting our legal department.

  • - But moral conviction and legal proof are quite different things.

  • - By this measure all legal proceedings for the recovery of church rates were abolished.

  • - He dealt with the question on theological, legal and social grounds.

  • - There is a legal limit to physical cruelty; and there are also human limits to it.

  • - The eight children do not belong to the woman in any real or legal sense.

  • - That this should be so in the case of his virtuous and legal connection he was perfectly certain.

  • - Morse did not attempt to get this legal disqualification set aside.

  • - It is legal in this dreadful country to have four wives, but I don't care about the law.

  • - The others had evidently stayed to hear the legal harangue to a close.

  • - His legal opinions, therefore, have ever been held in the highest esteem.

Waleed M. Elfarrs

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